Crochet lessons

Knitting — a kind of needlework not only available for older preschoolers, but also very useful for the development of fine motor skills of the hand, the formation of positive personality traits necessary for the child in his further education at school.

Crochet is easier for children to learn than knitting, because there is only one tool (hook) in the child's hand, and only one loop is in operation, which means it is easier to follow and catch it. Crochet skills can be useful for the baby not only to create a fully knitted yarn products, but also for connecting or tying parts of the fabric.

Learning to knit preschoolers is best organized in the form of a circle, which will allow children to get knitting skills and gain experience with bulky products. The work of the circle is designed for 2 years — in the senior and preparatory groups.

The Content of the first year of learning crochet is familiarity of children with products, tools and materials, safety rules, yarn properties, history of needlework, the formation of the ability to hold the hook and yarn, perform the first loop, a chain of air loops, close the chain, adjust the thread tension, loop length, use knitted elements for the manufacture of toys, attributes for games and Souvenirs, creating panels.

Content of the second year may be the formation of the ability to tie loops "polytypic", "column without nakida", "column with nakida," the reception of the edge banding, fabrication of planar and volumetric toys, doll clothes and other products.

From the conditions in which children are engaged, depends largely on the success of the training.

In the interior design of the room where classes are held, there should be crocheted products made by the hands of the teacher and children. The workplace plays an important role. During work, children can sit at tables, arranged in rows, tape or letter P, the main thing is that children do not interfere with each other, and the teacher can freely approach each child. The table and chair should match the growth of the baby, and the workplace should be well lit.

For individual work and independent activity of children, a manual work corner is necessary, in which three zones are allocated: a workplace, a wardrobe for storage of materials and unfinished works, a place for an exhibition of children's works. Necessarily in the area, the presence of photographs, drawings, toys, patterns, knitting patterns, didactic games, familiarize with the properties of the yarn, color, colour, drawing panels, designing toys, etc.

It is most convenient for Children to work with wool yarn of medium thickness in one thread, rather soft and non-slip. You can use a bright synthetic yarn that attracts the attention of children with its brilliance. During knitting it is better to keep a ball in a special strawberry, a small basket or a box standing on the floor on the left side of the worker. After work, the hook is inserted into the ball and removed into the box along with the unfinished work.

At the initial stage of training, children should use a metal hook of medium thickness, the diameter of the hook should match the thickness of the yarn.

When planning working group, selecting the content of lessons, the sequence of their conduct should be taken into account didactic principles such as the location of educational material "from simple to complex", "taking into account age peculiarities of children," "practical relevance", "accessibility", "clarity", etc. With these principles in mind, the learning process of preschool children knitting can take place in the following stages.

first step (2 — 3 lessons)

Two or three lessons are devoted to familiarizing children with knitted products, materials, tools, safety rules and workplace organization. In these classes, the purpose of which is the formation of interest and desire to master needlework, you can spend didactic games: "help the little animals to find a tail", "Whose is a bow?"(familiarity with the properties of yarn: thickness, color, roughness...), "Find each hook your house"," Pick up the threads to the hook " (matching the hook with the thickness of the yarn).

Familiarity with products and tools is conducted in the form of travel on exhibition or in Fabulous country knitting circle, reading "Stories about three hooks." Children will be interested in the history of the appearance of needlework, described in the"Tale of the goddess Arachne."

The teacher can Start his story like this: "Knitting is a very ancient occupation, which appeared when people learned to tame goats, sheep and camels. Knitting at first, only men did. They grazed animals, cut wool, spun thread, knitted warm scarves, blankets, wooden or bone hook...".

second stage (6 — 10 lessons)

This stage and all subsequent lessons are practical. At this stage of training it is necessary to teach children to hold a hook, a thread correctly in a hand, to pick up a thread a hook, to carry out the first loop and to create small panels, using in the image of subjects the loops knitted by children.

But first of all you should teach your child to sit correctly: straight, touching the body of the chair back, leaning slightly forward, keeping the work at a distance of 30 — 35 cm from the eyes. Before the beginning and after the end of the work it is necessary to offer the baby to wash his hands, so that the thread and the product were always clean, and on the hands there were no small particles of wool.

Learning how to crochet should start with explaining and showing how to hold the hook (thumb, index and middle fingers of the right hand — like a pencil).

  • The middle finger should be slightly closer to the head of the hook, the index finger a little further than the middle finger, but lie on the hook, and the thumb should support the hook from below; ring and little finger-bent;
  • How to position the thread: hold on the ring and index fingers of the left hand, passing the thread down and holding it there with your thumb, the thread should be evenly stretched.
how to hold hook

To teach children how to hook a thread, how to hold a hook and thread correctly, you can use didactic exercises "Fluffy sun", "fly a kite", artistic word:

Look at the fingers,
Fingers — boys,
the smallest is the little finger,
Next to it is the finger without a name.
Middle finger — in the middle,
followed by a poke, index Finger.
and my last finger,
the fattest, the biggest.

From this stage should be carried out in the classroom finger gymnastics and physical training that will avoid fatigue.

The Hard work at this stage is to teach children to perform the first loop. Teacher uses display, explanation:

  1. The Hook is inserted under the thread on the left hand.
  2. Move the right hand to make a full rotation of the hook with the thread on itself.
  3. Holding the resulting loop at the base with your thumb and middle finger, insert the hook under the thread and drag it into the loop.
  4. The resulting loop is slightly tightened.
how to make the first loop

Drawings and individual diagrams for each child should show the position of the hand and hook when knitting.

To consolidate the skill of performing the first loop, the child should be offered to cut the tied loop just below the base of the knot, and then tie a few more loops and also cut them. In this lesson, a game technique can be used: the appearance of a sad cloud hurrying to water the flowers on a flower bed and losing its droplets-rain. Performed by the children of the stitches used for applique (the spines of the hedgehog, flower petals, drops of rain...)

stage 3 (10 — 20 lessons)

The main purpose of this stage is to teach children how to knit a chain of air loops and the use of linked chains in applique work.

First explains how to link the chain: "after the first loop, knit the second. For its formation again enter the hook under the thread on the left hand, performing the same operations as when knitting the first loop. Thus, perform a series of loops that form a chain. To secure the chain, that is, to perform the last loop, it is necessary to break the thread, its end to pull into the last loop and tighten the thread".

Display, drawings (knitting of the first, second and last loops) and chain schemes with the exact number of loops are Used.

All the practical techniques of knitting it is best to give children in the form of an individual, taking other kids with transcription of non-ferrous chains or didactic Board games. When children master the simplest techniques of knitting, you can use a group form of work.

chain knitting

Children use Knitted chains in appliques, pasting them along the contour of parts made of colored paper or simply painted on the background (balloons, chickens, Bunny, fungus, etc.). The color of the thread and the length of the chain children determine by fitting, applying the associated chain to the scheme. The first tasks should be small, so that children quickly get the result. You can perform teamwork (the chain knits every child, and the background panels — General) or create the product according to the principle of the split images.

A more complex application work will be an image in which the part is completely sealed with a chain, located on the principle of "snails".

Children can perform and voluminous toys made of thick paper and pasted with knitted chains (houses, animals...).

Fourth stage (6 — 8 lessons)

At this stage, children perform flat and voluminous toys (snowman, tumbler, cat...), interior decoration.

In addition, you can teach children to close the chain of air loops in the ring and then tie to this ring smaller rings, placing them through 2 — 3 loops on the chain of the main ring so as to obtain a small flower.

fifth step

These lessons summarize the work of the circle for the first year of study. They can be organized in the form of games, entertainment, exhibition of children's works, etc.

crochet

In the second year of training the main content of classes with children is learning to knit round parts and rectangular fabrics.

Round, oval or square details children sew, fill with cotton, products are decorated with small details, knitted or made of other materials. So it is possible to make volume soft toys, household subjects-mats, potholders, etc.

crochet

Children learn to knit columns without nakida, which can perform dense knitted fabric.

To start knitting it is necessary with a chain of air loops, and then the hook is introduced into the third loop of the chain, neschitaya loop on the hook, he throws a working thread, i.e., is yo, then yo is pulled through the loop of the chain and the hook is formed in two strands, and then again captured by a working thread, a second yo and the thread pulled through both loops that are on the hook. So promazyvaetsya each loop row. At the end of a row one air loop is tied, and knitting is carried out in other party.

crochet of round details and rectangular canvases

Knitted fabric can serve as a rug, scarf, tack, detail of clothing for dolls. Products can be plain or striped.

When knitting columns in a circle, children can make a detail for a three-dimensional toy (fungus, bun, etc.).

"Polostevichi" or "bound edge" allows the child to not only remove some of the bumps when vyvazhivanii fabric (to tie thread the same color as the canvas), but also to decorate the product (thread of a different color) or to connect the parts of the product (handbags, eyeglass cases, cases for combs).

Learning this technique should be carried out on a knitted canvas. For this purpose it is necessary to connect an air chain, then to enter a hook into the second loop of a chain, without counting a loop on a hook, and, having seized a working thread, to stretch it through a loop of a chain and a loop on a hook. And so out of every loop.

Semi-columns can not only tie the edge, but also to knit fabric for different products.

Items can be embroidered.

Lesson 22-23. Funny monkeys
In the process of creating an application or a small toy - souvenir monkey children practice run filament bulbs. Toy...
Lesson 1. The grandmother-needlewomen
The main purpose of this first session is to arouse children's interest to knitting when using a simple tool (a...
Lesson 2. Meeting with the master of crochet
In this lesson, children are introduced to the variety of yarn for knitting, properties of different types of yarn (cotton,...
Lesson 3. Fluffy sweetie
In this lesson, children specify the names of the fingers on a hand, and learning how to hold the hook...
Lesson 24. Snowy cottage
In class the children continue to practice knitting and hanging loops and chains of aerial loops using the associated details...
Lesson 25-26. Christmas picture
In class the children practice performing the techniques of knitting, previously purchased. Work on compositional construction of the image based.
Lesson 27. Christmas toys
In class the children continue to practice knitting a chain of loops, used separately and associated loops in the application.
Lesson 33-34. Who hid in the glomerulus?
The job provides an opportunity not only to exercise children in gluing chains on the basis of (the principle of...
Lesson 21. The necklace
On lesson, children are introduced with the manufacture of the ball of yarn technique winding them on a cardboard base,...
Lesson 19. Toy store
In class the children continue to practice the knit chain of air loops, determining the length of the chain method...
Lesson 20. Beads and bracelets
In class the children continue to practice the knit chain of air loops and use it for making various crafts.
Lesson 28-29. Octopussy
On lesson, children learn to complete a large-scale hack of thread, complete with parts of a knitted chains and paper.
Lesson 30. Pencil
On lesson, children knit chain of air loops and learn to stick them on the principle of "snails" by decorating...
Lesson 31-32. Snail
On lesson, children are introduced to a new technique of bonding chains (the principle of "snails"), practiced in working with...
Lesson 35-36. Sails, sailing boat
On lesson, children create a birthday card, practice the knitting of chains of a certain length, gluing chains on the...
Lesson 37-38. Mom on March 8
In class the children continue to practice the knit chain of air loops, and fix the skills to work with...
Lesson 39. A bouquet of flowers
On lesson, children are introduced to the technique of knitting in a circle, with the new element of knitting -...
Lesson 4-5. Piglet in a hurry for a birthday
Practical exercises exercise the child the ability to properly hold the hook and thread for knitting, catch thread with hook.
Lesson 6. Our first loop
In this lesson begins the introduction to the technique is the most difficult at the initial stage of learning to...
Lesson 7. Flower fields
Performing colors of the individual knitted loops allows you not only to learn the technique of performing the first air...
Lesson 8-9. A Rowan branch
The objectives and this lesson is a exercise of children in the first air loop and the creation of the...
Lesson 40-41. The cloth doll
On lesson, children practice knitting in a circle, snapping the chain of air loops with polostevichi, the manufacture of napkins...
Lesson 42. Doll-fashionista
In class children perform cotton doll on the principle of winding yarn on a piece of cardboard as has previously...
Lesson 43-44. Skirt doll
In class children improve their skills of knitting according to the scheme, practice the short chain to the ring, get...
Lesson 45-46. Hat
In class the children continue to practice knitting fabric columns without nakida on the principle of "snails" in reading the...
Lesson 10. Hedgehogs
This activity, like previous ones, develops the child not only in the execution of the first loop, but in creating...
Lesson 11. Loop for loop
In this lesson, children are introduced to the techniques of knitting a chain of loops and fasten the last loop...
Lesson 12. Beautiful curtains
On lesson, children practice the knitting chains, determining its length by counting the loops. Material. Image machine-rasteryashi; window with...
Lesson 13. Bookmark
In class the children continue to practice the knit chain of air loops.   Material. Picture dunno; books; different types...
Lesson 14. Magic pictures
On lesson, children practice knit chain of air loops, get acquainted with the definition of its length receiving the attachment...
Lesson 15-16. Split picture "Aquarium" (collective work)
Children work subgroups for 3 - 4 people, creating a part of the picture, which is then going into the...
Lesson 17-18. Snow white and the seven dwarfs
On lesson, children practice knitting the first loop, knit chain of air loops, using the associated details when you create...
Lesson 47-48. Handbag doll
On lesson, children practice the knit columns without nakida in a row, working with the scheme, learn to connect the...
Lesson 49. Apple tree with apples
On lesson, children practice knitting in a circle column without nakida, working with the scheme, the execution of an application.
Lesson 50. Dandelion
In class the children practiced in the knitting of the chain, in the execution of an application with the image...
Lesson 51-52. Bun
On lesson, children practice knitting in the round parts with loops, a column without nakida, stitching detail seam "over the...
Lesson 53. Sunflowers
Performing panels "Sunflowers", children practice knitting in the round details and using it for appliques.   Material. Sample of sunflower...
Lesson 54. Chickens (Collective work)
In class children continue to learn to knit round items and use them in the performance of an application. Every...
Lesson 55. Mural "House spider" (Collective work)
On lesson, children practice knit chain of air loops and use them for appliques.   Material. The Foundation panels (cardboard...
Lesson 56. Spider
On lesson, children practice knitting in the round parts, the production volume of knitted toys.   Material. Murals wide web,...
Lesson 57. Cheerful caterpillar (Collective work)
In class children continue to learn to knit round items, perform application image tracks. Working collectively, every child knits one...
Lesson 58-59. Turtle
Performing three-dimensional crafts, children continue to practice knitting in the round details on the scheme, get acquainted with the technique...
Lesson 60. Chamomile (Collective work)
Completing the Daisy petals, children learn to tie a chain of air loops of columns without nakida, to add a...
Lesson 61-62. "I found a bug on the large Daisy..."
In class the children continue to practice knitting in the round crochet detail columns without nakida, knit, related details soft...
Lesson 63. Starfish
On lesson, children practice the knit according to the scheme, net binding chain of air loops columns without nakida. Is...
Lesson 64. Sea creatures
On lesson, children learn to knit round items, using them to complete the application image sea creatures, crab, jellyfish, octopus,...
Lesson 65. Lyagushka-puteshestvennitsa. (Collective work)
The lesson children made of knitted circles surround a toy frog.   Material. Thick knitted toys, beetle, spider, turtle, frog,...
Lesson 66. Exhibition Hook
On lesson, children use the knowledge gained in the process of learning to crochet.   Material. The image of the master of the...