Threads can be natural, artificial and mixed; also, they differ in structure, thickness, quality, and color. The most common threads are of polyester and viscose. Embroidery yarns are usually loosely twisted in 2-3 addition, sometimes reinforced are produced.
Viscose threads are very effective, have silky luster, and their color range is quite wide, from 100 to 500 colors, including multivitamin and melange. The most common rooms of viscose yarn — 30, 40, 60. They coincide with the linear density of the material.
According to the structure of viscose yarn are integrated, in 2-3 additions. They are flexible and heat-resistant, can give a little shrinkage, but with a dense filling material embroidery sets. In addition, the viscose thread is quite resistant to wear and fading.
Polyester thread for quite a long time little use, because their color range was limited. Currently, the color range expanded to 300 tones. In addition, began to produce metalized, holographic, and luminescent threads that change color depending on the lighting. However, even today there are hints of viscose yarn, polyester which is not available.
Rooms polyester filaments following: 20, 30, 40, 50, etc. they are structurally integrated, in 2-3 additions. The threads are very durable, but stiff, so light, loose fabrics to embroider them impossible. Have a high resistance to abrasion and staining.
Embroidery on delicate fabrics such as Batiste, crepe de Chine, Voile, etc., you should choose silk threads or yarn floss 1 addition. To work on thicker fabrics, canvas, matting, gauze, fine wool fabrics — take thread floss in 2-3 additions.
Large pattern looks better in rough or upland canvas.
When working with silk threads, it should be remembered that they pretty much make up and shrink, and the thread of artificial silk, or synthetic, quick fluff, and finished the embroidery takes a slovenly appearance.
For embroidery on woolen fabrics and large things typically use thread floss 6-7 plies, iris, staple, synthetic and wool yarns.
Also embroider threads are pulled out from fabrics or colored ribbons. What a piece of cloth of length 0.5 m is necessary parallel to the edge to be cut into strips with a width of 5 cm, to pull the weft thread and warp threads, which are usually stronger than the weft thread. Before that they need to moisturize and stretch the iron or wound on a glass jar and leave to dry.
In embroidery of wool yarn were used recently. The fact that they are not only soft and thicker than other threads, but quite fluffy because of the pile. Therefore they are used for decorating the Conservatory or children's clothing and piece of decorative products. Number of yarn — 100; the colour range includes around 160 tones and shades. Embroider these threads of wool, the drape and cloth.
Cotton yarn release numbers 10, 12, 150, and their colors are different. They can be used in all types of embroidery on almost all kinds of fabric, choosing the corresponding number.
Gold thread used in the embroidery signs of the military differences and state flags. Fancy dress and costumes decorated with embroidery metallic thread, lurex.