Tools and accessories required to perform manual work, can be represented as circuits.
The conditional pattern - so many craftsmen even invented the ring with a knife, and a seam Ripper, and a scale matrix. But a basic understanding of the need and the right figure gives. Now consider the items in detail.
Needles are used to puncture the material and following the threads in the hole of the puncture. Needles vary in diameter (thickness) and length, have the ear of different sizes. Depending on the length and diameter of the needle divided by numbers from No. 1 (for thin delicate fabrics) to No. 12 (for burlap and burlap).
Manual needle should be sharp, flexible, unbreakable, highly polished, with an ear of sufficient dimensions and without burrs.
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Thimble is designed to protect the finger from the needle by pushing the needle into the fabric. It is worn on the middle finger of the right hand. On the surface of the thimble holes, staggered, which prevent slippage of the needle. The thimble selected accordingly to the thickness of the middle finger so that it is tightly covered finger.
By the way: if it prevents a nail, for example, bill of lading, it will have to be shortened
Thimbles come with bottom and without it. When performing manual work in manufacturing dresses, blouses women's and children's use of the thimble with the bottom, and the pushing of the needle is carried out with a plane bottom. In the manufacture of coats, suits you can use a thimble without bottom and push the needle side.
In the manufacture of products for individual orders with scissors use for cutting tissue, for trimming parts and other manual operations. In mass production, where the process of cutting fabrics and materials mechanized, scissors used mainly for cutting parts or cutting threads. The scissors should be closed without sudden sound; the blades of the scissors should be cut well along its entire length.
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The tape is a soft rubberized tape to put on her centimeter and millimeter divisions, it is applied to the measurements of the human figure and measurement of product parts. Because in the process, ribbon in the sky, it must be systematically checked.
The dummy is used to verify the manufacture of goods in the course of their treatment, and in finished form. On mannequins check, for example, the side and shoulder seams of articles, correct ultimania collar in the neckline and sleeveless armholes, etc. Female and male mannequins release 88, 92, 96, 100, 104, 108, 112, 116 and 120th the size of one of the middle (third) growth and three fittings. Children mannequins release 44, 48, 52, 56, 60, 64, 68, 72, 76, 80, 84, 88 and 92 sizes. For ease of reference, the mannequin is fixed on the stand so that it can be freely rotated and raised. The height of the dummy regulating screw bearing. There are sliding models, in which the screws are governed by the size and growth in a certain range.
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Peg is used to reposition the corners of the Board, a collar, loops, different shaped joints, as well as for removal of thread. The peg can be made of wood, bone or metal and is a round rod with a length of 100-120 mm, diameter 7 mm, with a very pointed end.
Pins used for chipping parts products from fine fabrics when transferring lines from one side of to the other products, refining positive lines during the fitting. The length of the pins 3-4 cm They should be thin, sharp, well polished. To keep the pins should be in a special cushion.
Cutters come in several types. A dull cutter is used for transferring the contour of the parts from paper to fabric, fabric to paper, as well as for the transfer lines of the folds, recesses, reliefs, etc. are Cutter drive lines, and fabric remains the mark in a solid line.
Gear cutter is used for transferring the contour of the parts from paper to paper or to cardboard, fabric to paper, as well as for the transfer lines, pleats, tucks, pockets.
After the stroke in such a cutter of the planned lines are traces in the form of points located on the contour of the parts. Double cutter used mainly in reproduction patterns.
Rulers, t-squares and French curves in the garment industry, used for making drawings of parts products, as well as when cutting and sewing garments.
Strike a chalk line and marks when cutting and fitting. For the clothing industry produce chalk of different colors. All the lines were thin, the edges of the chalk must be constantly sharpened. Chalk width should be from 0.5 to 1.5 mm.
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