White plane — one of the options bilateral smooth surface with a "deck". It is done with white thread on thin fabrics such as crepe de Chine, Voile, Batiste. For this type of tissue using a thin thread of floss or silk thread. In the old days white thread embroidered without "flooring" the linens and white linen canvas. Gradually the white surface began to decorate handkerchiefs, collars, women blouses, women's and children's dresses. She began to run it along with the "flooring" calling a white satin.
First use tracing paper and carbon paper drawing is transferred to fabric. Then the outline of the pattern is covered on seam "forward needle". Then put "deck" in the same stitch as the outline of the drawing. "Decking" can be run in 1 or 2 rows. The second row make for a bigger bulge. After "flooring" perform surface. It should be done in the opposite direction with respect to stitches "flooring".
Expanse of white are often complementary to other types of embroidery: using hemstitch, decorative mesh, satin stitch with "flooring", Welt stitch, etc. in addition, in this form of embroidery used a few stitches, inherent only to white surface, — the "polka dot", "knots", "paws", "leaves", "flowers", backing surface. Later these joints were used in other types of surface.
There are several options white surface.
Oblique surface are designed to create leaves and designs with sinuous lines.
Cut the leaf perform oblique surface and "nodules", which sometimes replace a beaded seam. Half embroidered "nodules" that sheathe the stalk bead or lace.
Underlay stitch stitches carried the goat on the wrong side of the fabric, and the front side of the pattern stitch common stitches resembling the stitching. It is used for decorating products made of absolutely transparent fabrics: chiffon, Batiste, Voile.
Festoons decorate the looped suture, completing the stitches perpendicular to the edge of the product. They are made round, jagged or sharp, depending on the purpose of the product.