Unilateral surface

Unilateral surface free perform a blind stitch. A characteristic feature of this kind of embroidery is that the stitches lie only on one side, and completely cover the drawing. On the inside working thread captures only a few strands of tissue. This seam is called verhova. This seam is often a large embroidered floral patterns decorate cushions, tablecloths, curtains, paths. Along with it use stalk stitch and mesh. Unilateral surface carry out large stitches in the direction from the center to the edge of the contour or in reverse order. The main image is on the front side. On the wrong side the stitches are in the form of dotted lines on the drawing outline. Stitches are usually put in the form of a pattern. Large rounded elements embroidered satin stitch "eight".

This technique is the most economical. It was distributed in many regions of Russia. But a significant development vergasov achieved in the Vladimir region, in the village of Mstera. It was there that he invented different colorful variations of this seam, embroider, floral patterns. Very often one-sided surface called "Vladimir the sewing." It is performed with thick embroidery floss in 6 additions or iris. Primary colors — red, blue, yellow, green. In addition, Veresov often complementary patterns of polycrest.

Unilateral surface is 2 types: with a clear outline and with the "ragged edge".

Surface with a clear outline is based on the following technologies. Figure sheathe the contour of the seam "forward needle" and only then perform a unilateral surface, filling the pattern on the face of the fabric completely or partially. The stitches can be of different sizes.

Vladimir seam, same as the previous, one-sided. Here, the circuit pattern not covered by the seam "forward needle". This kind of surface do more than thick thread. The stitches have a 1 line circuit and so that they barely touch each other, thus completely filling the picture. It seems that they would sink — this is what distinguishes Vladimir smooth surface from other types of surface. Sometimes the middle of the flowers fill the decorative mesh.

Surface pricep

It is used in order to quickly populate the elements of the picture a large area with one color. This kind of surface with long used in embroidery in many countries of Central Asia, the Caucasus, the middle East and the far East. Embroidery is used to trim children's coats, linen dresses, blouses, towels, tablecloths, aprons, etc.

Usually sew large stitches verkossa. To reverse the course they are secured small slanted stitches, positioning from left to right, grabbing the fabric along with large stitches. Large the stitches should be put very tightly. Fastening stitches can be routed in any direction: in line 1 or with a small offset. Most importantly: fixing stitches should not spoil the embroidery, but rather decorate it. Stitches can disperse in the direction of yarn of fabric or pattern. Sometimes also first fill the area of the drawing surface large stitches, then lay on top of them oblique or transverse rows of stitches-clips.

For such a surface thread must be thicker than usual thread stitching surface. You can get embroidery floss in 3-4 additions, wool yarn. In any case, they must complete the pattern.

When Ironing embroidered items should consider not only the fibrous base fabric, but also the composition of the ribbons and embroidery thread. One should choose a temperature to suit all materials.

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