Of the accounting surface can be single or double - sided. This form of embroidery is one of the oldest in the world. When embroidery is used here on account of the threads of the fabric. The surface is straight and oblique. In direct surface stitches placed horizontally or vertically along the threads of fabric, and oblique stitches have a slant. The counting surface of perform threads of white, gray, red, or black. The stitches are laid in different directions, creating a play of light and shade. Also the accounting surface and is multicolor. For the accounting surface should take a soft loosely twisted thread, well covering fabric.
Unilateral surface of the counting performed by the front side of the fabric. On the underside are tiny stitches around the contour of the pattern. Bilateral surface simultaneously performed on the front and reverse sides.
The counting surface are used for decorating blouses, shirts, dresses, table and bed linen. It is often used together with other types of embroidery.
Do not immediately start with a complex pattern. First try to perform simple parts (leaves, flowers) of different techniques and only then try to embroider a small composition.
There are several types of accounts surface:
- the counting surface of the columns;
- counting sparse surface.
The counting surface of the columns is carried out parallel to the horizontal stitches in vertical rows in the direction from bottom to top or from top to bottom and left to right. The bars themselves may be strictly vertical or diagonal. Create stitches using 1 strand.
Counting the sparse surface is carried out with thread of the same color in vertical columns horizontal stitches. Sparse surface is single or double - sided. It is quite popular in Moldova, in Ukraine, where it is called "povernite". It consists of a horizontal stitch of equal length in vertical rows. In this form of embroidery, often using geometric patterns. Stitches is performed through 2-3 threads parallel to each other. The pattern embroidered from right to left or left to right.
Make the first stitch from left to right horizontally and withdrawing the needle over the 1st stitch through 2-3 threads. Doing the 2nd stitch over the 1st and parallel to it. Put the remaining stitches the same way. Between the stitches leave gaps 2-6 or more threads depending on the pattern. After finishing the 1st column, a needle with the working thread is removed from the right side of the column and start on the 2nd column. Stitches you need to create the same length as in the 1st column. The remaining columns perform similarly. After embroidery picture pattern on the top and bottom encircle cable or nail file.
In bilateral sparse surface the transition from one stitch to another makes diagonally. This form of embroidery combined with using hemstitch, cross stitch and other embroidery techniques.