Currently there is a huge amount of ribbons and tapes. They come in a variety of textures and colors. Ribbon width ranges from 0.2 cm to 15 cm in width choice of you need to keep in mind that the larger the motif, the wider must be the tape. The widest tape is used for miscellaneous elements: bows, flowers, -which are sewn to fabric invisible stitches. Often they use tapes of different widths, this embroidery looks spectacular. You should also know that all of the tapes can be divided into two types: ribbon edge and decorative tape. The latter type can not be washed, as they have no edges. So before working you need to wash your hands. There are ribbons and tapes, the edges of which are framed by a thin metal rod, which helps to keep the shape. The best tapes are considered to be silk. They are very soft and pliable. But in the sale they are rare tapes from other materials, as are very expensive.
For work, you should not use a tape longer than 40-50 cm, Passing many times through the fabric, the tape will quickly alteplase and lose your view, in addition, a long ribbon is often twisted. If it spun, you can just lower the needle down and the tape will unwind itself. There are several types of tapes.
Silk ribbons can be embroidered on any fabric. They are very light, soft and plastic. Silk ribbons are of two types: melange and simple. A simple ribbon of the same color, melange can consist of several shades. Their coloring can be transverse, longitudinal or random. Silk tape is easy to color or a little shade. Australian and English tape is very soft and dense. They weave ribbed or horizontal. Indian ribbons are more delicate, with a completely smooth surface.
Maroon or bright red tape required before the embroidery wet. Otherwise, they may leave fabric stains and spots, which can spoil the work.
Synthetic tape is much denser and coarser than silk, very little crumple. Often they are made of acetate silk or polyester with a rather hard edge.
Satin ribbon can be made of natural silk and synthetic fabrics. In their manufacture using a special weave. They can be bilateral and unilateral. They are often used in the art, in which the strip is to be bent.
Cotton tape is very dense and hard. They are not used in the embroidery.
Transparent tape is made from Georgette and organza. Embroidered product looks very impressive. But with this kind of strips is quite difficult to work.
Textured to include corduroy, velour or velvet ribbon. The pattern of their use becomes very rich and elegant.Fabric
Embroider on almost any fabric, given a few requirements.
The fabric should be durable enough to withstand and hold all the stitches.
It should be elastic enough to through it is easy to pass a needle with tape.
For embroidery you can use, and a solid and printed fabric. The pattern on the fabric can be used in the form of a diagram. When choosing fabrics it is necessary to consider what ribbons you will embroider. In addition, it is necessary to know that often combine several types of embroideries. The young seamstress is better to use plain canvas or fabric with a uniform weave of linen or cotton. For embroidery ribbons as a basis you can apply the different fabrics:
- linen - cloth harsh and thin, canvas;
- from cotton Batiste, muslin, plush, satin, matting;
- from silk - tulle, Shantung, chiffon;
- from wool - crepe, tweed, Jersey.
Embroidery use a variety of needle: thick - for heavy fabrics and thin for the lungs. The needle needs to be sharp to not form puffs at the entrance of the fabric.
Usually use needle with an elongated eye that the tape is easily included in it and does not twist. In addition, too small abalone subjects the tape to wear and tear. Sizes of needles are indicated by the numbers: the thicker the needle, the lower the number. For example, for a tape width of 0.3 cm needle pick No. 24, and for strips of width 0,7, 0,9, 1,2 cm recommended needles No. 18-22. Most embroidery silk ribbons used type needle chenille. They with a sharp tip, thick stem and a very large eye that can be from 13th to 24th size.
Fig. 1. Embroidery machine needles
When you run the tape seams between the stitches and fabric you should choose tapestry needle with a blunt end, thick stem and long ear. The blunt end of the needle is not rasstraivaet no threads of the fabric nor the thread tape.
Alternatively, when embroidering the use of the ordinary needle with a sharp end and a wide eye.The Hoop
Each master determines the necessity of the use of hoops. But the hoops needed to the fabric during the operation was well stretched. It is necessary that all the stitches were the same. Especially it is necessary to use a Hoop for those who do too much tightens the stitch - the embroidery will not work volume. In addition, to straighten the tape when the embroidery is much easier when the basis is spanned by the fabric. Hoops come in different sizes and shapes. Round hoops usually are designed for small embroideries. They consist of two hoops, one of them is put on and tightened another screw. They are easy to assemble and very comfortable. The cloth should be put on the smaller Hoop on top lay the second Hoop and tighten the screw until the fabric is not stretched. It is impossible to tighten after tighten the top Hoop.
Sometimes the Hoop wrapped with tape so as not to injure the lungs or pile fabrics. Soft braid should wrap one of the hoops, pulling the braid that formed folds. Once the wrap is fully wrapped, the ends of the braid should be secured with needle and thread. Then, you must wrap a second wrap. Also use the stretch frame.Scissors
For embroidery scissors needed a different size. Large tailoring scissors cutting fabric-based. Small scissors with straight sharp ends are usually cut ends of the ribbons. These scissors should be tightly closed.
In addition to these materials and tools are also required in other devices. A ruler and a pencil, tracing paper required to transfer pattern on paper and fabric. Thread simple cotton and floss is necessary to secure the ribbons, the embroidery of stems, berries, stamens, leaves. Scraps of satin, leather, suede, lace, muslin may be needed for execution of an application. Need a thimble to protect the finger from needle pricks. In addition, it can be used to push the needle through the thick fabric. Tailor's needles fix the pattern on the fabric, fasten detail and belt loops. Special peg is used to make loops volume. It can be replaced with a pencil or round stick. For the decoration of embroidery is often used sequins, beads, beads. The gelatin solution or the PVA glue can be used to give the fabric stiffness. In addition, they practice when creating frames and Passepartout. For Passepartout and frames also need drawing paper, cardboard, Wallpaper paper. For painting the paint, brush, palette.
When embroidering silk ribbons use different types of stitches, some of them are used in other types of embroidery, some only in this form. Often operate using several different types of stitches and different tape.