In the application and the weaving of straw used a variety of grains, each of which has its own characteristics. Many of the advantages and disadvantages of straw of different cereals are learned with experience. There are a number of common features that define most preferred areas of use of straw or other cereal.
Rye — grass, having a long stem with two long lap and three or four short. Thanks to the considerable length of the first and second knee, which can reach 40-50 cm, rye is recognized as a major material used by masters of Belarus in the weave. If it is applied in the application, because of the stiffness you want to remove the lube.
Wheat is less prevalent than rye. This grass is widely used for weaving and appliques masters of Western Europe, America, Australia. In Belarus, its use is limited. Stem length shorter than that of rye.
Oats have a very soft and plastic straw with beautiful shades. For weaving, the stalks not long enough. Used in the application and for the manufacture of small decorative details in the weaving.
The appliques are beautiful especially barley straw, it has a more fine structure, delicate shades of light yellow color and shiny surface of the decorative layer. It is thin and soft, easy to work, but the netting restricts its use a small length of kolentsi.
The combination of straw of different crops in the same composition complements her new decorative qualities. For applique, the straw is harvested in several stages, starting from the moment of flowering, when the straw has a grayish-green hue of the stem, and several times at intervals of 5-6 days. This phased procurement will enrich the palette of future works by the natural shades and undertones. Complete the billet better for 1.5—2 weeks before harvest: by this time the stems become too coarse and the color becomes dirty gray shade, which reduces the decorative qualities of the material.
For weave it is best suited crops, which grew poorly fertilized sandy soil. You need to cut them in the stage of milky-wax ripeness.
SINAUT all the grains manually with a hammer or cut with scissors. The stem should not be frayed or broken. Cut the stalks laid out in a thin layer and dried. Sun-dried straw becomes a pure Golden colour; when dry straw in a dark ventilated room, it will retain the color shades of the stems.
In the application and the netting used in different parts of the stem. To weave a better fit long knee. Sticks of the highest quality is the first slim knee near the ear, is often used and the second bend, which has an equal diameter throughout its length. Short and thick lower part of the stem desired in the manufacture of "spiders", small ornaments, appliques. For the application is not as important the length of the straw, the main thing that the straw had equal along the entire length diameter. It is also desirable to use a straw with thin walls: it makes high-quality straw ribbon.
The dried stalks cut into pieces near the nodules, the nodules cut. Solomin with taking pictures of leaves. Cut and brushed the straw is sorted by thickness and color. This averages out to 1-3 thin Solomin, with 2-3 long and 2-3 Solomin medium the short straws Sorted straw tied in small bundles-snopiki. Retain the straw in a dry place. Only clean, brilliant straw will give the products a unique Golden color and inner glow.