Leather looks nice in combination with other natural materials, such as wood, ceramics, stones. With the use of wooden beads of different shapes in the leather products we are already familiar. Will focus on the combination of leather with genuine stones.
When creating leather products use inexpensive semi-precious stones - Jasper, hematite, cat-eye, aventurine and more expensive - agate, carnelian, malachite. Stones should be treated in the form of beads or cabochons (one side flat, the other convex, without faces). Perhaps the use of rings carved out of stone.
Almost always home there old beads or even individual beads of natural stone. Use them for making different pendants.
To work but skin and beads, you will need metal studs to the head "stud" and "ring". These pins are sold in the same departments, and clasps for jewelry from beads. To work with the studs need cutting pliers or side cutters and pliers.
For jewelry items is often used the initial letters of the name and sometimes the name (remember the popular "personalized bracelets" bead). Bead it is better to take from the stone, which is recommended to wear the person born under its Zodiac sign. Letters may be Russian or Latin.
Of thick belt leather cut out desired letter. Skin must be this thick, well-kept form. If your skin's not thick enough, glue two piece inside out and then cut out detail. Letter size is determined by the size of the beads and your design. Figure 52 shows the options for placing beads inside the letters. To secure the beads in two ways - movably and rigidly.
Let us examine the sequence of manufacturing of the pendant on the example of the suspension with the letter P. Cut out the thick skin the letter-based. If the flesh side is not enough neat, opalium it on the candle. You can stain your skin stain and (or) to varnish.
Put a bead on the stud "stud". The remaining outside part of the stud bent at a right angle, wire cutters and remove the excess length with pliers and form a ring. Before the ring snapped on him wearing a pin with the head "ring". In the middle of the top rail letters with an awl make a hole in which is carried a pin with a bead on the end so that the bead is caught between the "legs" of the letter.
If the letter is asymmetric - for example, a hole doing in a place like this, in limbo as she kept a natural position. Projecting above the upper crossbar of the letter a hairpin bent a ring and put a lace or extra ring for strap. Attached in this way the bead will be when driving to wiggle inside the pendant.
Included with the pendant you can make the same earrings, only smaller. In the letters, open bottom, such as P, A, M, N, L - possible to hang one or more beads, which will be sequentially reduced or enlarged downwards. In this case, all beads, except for the bottom, put on studs with grommets.
For attaching the beads to the base of the legs - that is, in those places where the skin is very thick and thread the pin through it is impossible, - optionally use dressmaker pins with rings. From the pin with wire cutters, bite off the tip, leaving a ring at the tip Length of 0.5 - 0.7 cm; the tip is smeared with glue and screwed into the skin. Ringlet is attached to a bead, worn on a pin.
If you want the bead was stationary, the end of the stud with it threaded directly into the hole at the top of the letters to form a ring.
You can make a pendant in the shape of a frame or a hollow heart. In these products, they are especially good stone pendants, echoing the shape of the outer frame. Typically, the pendant retains a special metal loop for the ring. This loop worn on a ring of studs, straightening it slightly, and again fasten the ring. Further work is also, as when attaching beads.
Now in the market you can find rings of different width and size of aventurine, hematite and other stones. They can be used when creating the necklace cords. For example, two bunches of cords folded in the middle so that one of them went around the other. The junction of each side is fixed a stone ring mounted on the free ends of the cord in the beam (figure 53). Ends secured in metal cups products from beads.
The same necklace can be run a little differently. The bundle of cord is folded not in half, and at a distance of 5-10 cm from the end. Short the ends of the cord long and glued to the glueing mask stone ring (figure 53, b).
Another version of the necklace suggests the use of three rings: one large and two small. They can be made of the same stones, or great may be different from the two small ones. As in the above embodiments, but bends of the cords threaded through the large ring (figure 53, b).
The following variant. Heavy leather punches cut out two rings. Cut them diagonally and pass through the stone ring. The cuts seal. Next, carry out the same necklace, as described before, but the beams pass the cord through the leather rings. As a result, in the center of a necklace chain of three links -two leather and one made of stone. At the request of such links may be larger (figure 54).
Interesting products can be made of a cabochon, or even a simple river (sea) pebble leather and lace. If a stone with a natural hole ("chicken God") is intended for a pendant, clip it to the strap in two ways. The first is to thread one end of lace in the hole, place the stone in the middle and mounting the location of the node. For mounting the second method will need a bead of the right color or texture.
Bead put on the middle of the cord, both ends threaded in the hole of the stone the front side inside out and inside the stone is secured node.
The stone can be mounted in various ways with the help of cords. Cords twist at its front surface crosswise or in parallel. In the latter case, the stone entwine stitches in overlock seam. In all cases the straps are neatly glued to the stone with glue "Moment". Turns going on the wrong side, simultaneously fixed a pin, which serves as a clasp for a brooch.
Such coils entwine one side simple safety pins and by her proveshivajut stone. The pin serves as both decoration and clasp.
To make a stone for a pendant, especially if it is quite large and beautiful in the simplest way. Folded in half cord of such length that it can be threaded through a head plus of 20 cm, tie a knot at a distance of 10 cm from both of its ends. Loose ends tightly round the stone at the ends, sticking to it.
Of the product is largely dictated by appearance and size of the stone. If you have a cabochon agate landscape, its beauty will benefit from the original pendant-frame. The frame is made from the skin of medium thickness or belt. The color should be close to the color of the stone or rich Alemanni stain.
Trace the outline of the stone on a sheet of thick paper. Draw it several times to be able to try out several design options. Add about 0.3 cm on an edge, which will secure the stone on the product. Cut out the pattern with large allowances.
Now starts the experiment. Cut the sides of the frame and fold the strip inside out, swapping them, or twisting. In this form, clip them, having glued the ends to the wrong side. Follow these few options and select the most successful (figure 55).
In order not to make mistakes when cutting parts from the skin, slice both sides of the frame, and bend and podkladyvaya only one. Over the entire item can be seen in advance, holding the mirror to the imaginary axis symmetrically dividing the drawing on the stone.
A thick leather belt can serve as the basis for a set of bracelet-watches and pendant. We give two variants of their design.
The Central motif pendant - clear glass drop. Such bits of glass of various diameters and sell set separately for decorative purposes. You can use the cabochon of natural on rock.
The basis of the pendant is cut from belt leather size 3x8 cm One short side are cut in the shape of a triangle, connecting the midpoint of the side and points on the long sides at a distance of 1.5 cm Opposite side of the cut, uneven teeth. One or two such prongs are doing on each side of the triangle. Slot on the front side of several shallow longitudinal, slightly wavy lines, resembling the stems. Treat them with the teeth in the flame of a candle. The slit will open, and the teeth will darken.
On the reverse side mark the middle of the length of the pendant. Above the middle - something like this, to touch her lowest point, - make a circle. Its diameter is equal to the diameter of the insert. The size of the circumference of the cut hole. The edge of the hole is smeared with glue and insert the piece of glass.
Now go to the appearance of the front side of the product. From belt leather, cut a strip width of 2 mm. strip Length must be equal to the circumference of the insert plus 1 see, In practice it is easier to cut a longer strip and attaching it to the box, cut off excess than it is to calculate. Having measured the desired length of the strip, with each end at 0.5 cm obliquely cut away the skin. This allows you to glue a strip almost imperceptibly. It must be remembered that the front side of the leather should be facing up.
The prepared strip of paste around the insert. Since the insert has a hemispherical surface, the lower surface of the strip and inner surface of the hole forming a ledge, which also holds the insert from the front side. Masking the place of gluing strips in the ring, cautery device is applied to several lines, one of which closes the seam, while others are parallel to it.
For the decoration of the pendant use small pieces of thin skin under the substrate color and leather cord. Cut a few leaves of different sizes. The details should be slightly larger than its final size, as in process cautery machine, they will decrease slightly.
Draw veins on the leaves using the unit for burning. Work quickly and accurately, as the skin from high temperature is rapidly shrinking, and properly held the line cannot be removed.
A small cut belt leather width 1 mm will serve as the stem of the flower is inserted. Stick it somewhat obliquely. Of the segments of the cord, create curls, paste them around the insert and around the stem. Conn leaves the base, let the tips rise a little above the base.
In the upper part of the piece, near the top of the triangle, make a hole. Insert the metal ring and pull it through the hole in the lace. The pendant is finished (figure 56).
Front of bracelet-watches in the kit to the pendant issue similarly.
The second version of the design let us consider the example of making bracelet watch. Take a strip of belt leather width 0.5 cm more than the diameter of the clock. If the watch is rectangular, the width of band 0.5 cm more than hours. Watch better to take electronic, not requiring frequent plant.
Strip length depends on the wrist size and is equal to the length of the circumference of the wrist plus 1-2 cm of the ends of the strips scroogled or perform in the form of a trapezoid. At one end, punch two holes on the other one. Subsequently, they will be attached to the straps of the clasp.
In the center of the strap cut through hole, a diameter of a fraction of a millimeter smaller than the diameter of hours. If the watch is not round shape, make a hole the same shape as a watch. To wheel, to move the arrow, create an additional rectangular recess to the side of the main hole. Watch tightly inserted into the prepared hole, whose walls smeared with glue. Strengthen the back by a narrow strap, glued the ends to the wrong side (when changing the battery strap you need to replace a new one).
Now proceed to the decoration of the front surface. In the direction from ends to the middle is applied with a chisel several grooves designed to depict the grass and stems. To make it a better cutter for wood or linoleum, but if not, you can do the same with a utility knife. In this case, the knife is tilted at an angle of about 60 degrees and cut first one side of the grooves, and then the opposite. Cut the skin removed.
From the skin of medium thickness cut out a few leaves, put on their veins and treated with fire. From strips of leather formed at the two stems on each side of the strap. Closest to the dial stem ends in a curl-ring of such diameter that it can be paste bead "cat's eye".Unit for burning is applied around the dial radial lines, burns the outline of the leaves and grass on the sides (figure 57).